Dark Pools

High-Speed Traders, AI Bandits, and the Threat to the Global Financial System

Dark Pools

Evaluates the cost and consequences of high-speed trading, arguing that the development of automatic, super-intelligent trading machines is eliminating necessary human interests and compromising regulation measures.

Dark Pools

Off-Exchange Liquidity in an Era of High Frequency, Program, and Algorithmic Trading

Dark Pools

This book deals with the topic of dark trading, or non-displayed, off-exchange trading execution. It discusses the development, importance and practice of dark equity trading in an environment dominated by high frequency, program, block and algorithmic trading, and considers its future prospects in a world of mobile capital and changing regulation.

Dark Pools and High Frequency Trading For Dummies

Dark Pools and High Frequency Trading For Dummies

A plain English guide to high frequency trading and off-exchange trading practices In Dark Pools & High Frequency Trading For Dummies, senior private banker Jukka Vaananen has created an indispensable and friendly guide to what really goes on inside dark pools, what rewards you can reap as an investor and how wider stock markets and pricing may be affected by dark pools. Written with the classic For Dummies style that has become a hallmark of the brand, Vaananen makes this complex material easy to understand with an insider's look into the topic. The book takes a detailed look at the pros and the cons of trading in dark pools, and how this type of trading differs from more traditional routes. It also examines how dark pools are currently regulated, and how the regulatory landscape may be changing. Learn what types of dark pools exist, and how a typical transaction works Discover the rules and regulations for dark pools, and some of the downsides to trading Explore how dark pools can benefit investors and banks, and who can trade in them Recognize the ins and outs of automated and high frequency trading Because dark pools allow companies to trade stocks anonymously and away from the public exchange, they are not subject to the peaks and troughs of the stock market, and have only recently begun to take off in a big way. Written with investors and finance students in mind, Dark Pools & High Frequency Trading For Dummies is the ultimate reference guide for anyone looking to understand dark pools and dark liquidity, including the different order types and key HFT strategies.

Dark Pools and Flash Trading: New trends in Equity Trading?

Dark Pools and Flash Trading: New trends in Equity Trading?

This book examines the characteristics of equity trading and especially two relatively new phenomena which are dark pools and flash trading. Over the last years these two terms became more and more important in equity trading and today they are a real alternative to traditional exchanges, like the New York Stock Exchange or Deutsche Börse. But these new evolutions do not only have advantages. Indeed there are concerns that beside the benefits, like fast execution times, sophisticated techniques and less market impact, these mechanisms can also burrow risks. These risks are difficult to estimate, with an evolution of these new platforms that was so quick, that one might have the impression that even regulators do not full yet understand what might happen in the case of a next financial crisis. However with a market share of 15%-20% of all trading activity in global equities and a jump of almost fivefold in the period of time from January to October 2009, these new mechanisms cannot be ignored anymore. Therefore this book explains in detail the functionality of dark pools and other current trading strategies. All important factors like different market structures, market liquidity aspects, as well as regulatory framework and technology facets will be reviewed. Further an outlook should be given to the reader on how the evolution of dark pools & co. might continue in the coming years. With dark pools and flash trading, trading is now dominated by rapid-fire computer systems that might create a more technically driven market, rather than one based on fundamental forces. It remains to see whether this evolution will continue.

Dark Pools

Dark Pools

Dark Pools is a gripping novel revolving around the audacious attempt by China to completely annihilate the US dollar – literally in the blink of an eye, using ultra sophisticated computing power – and replace it overnight with the Chinese renminbi as the new world currency. Their provocative actions are deliberately choreographed to coincide with a riot-torn crisis in Hong Kong involving the Pro-Democracy movement, and the covert construction of a highly confrontational military airstrip in the South China Seas. The narrative rapidly criss-crosses the globe over a 22-day period in August until the plot nears its dénouement: when the Chinese intend to strike at the very heart of the foreign exchange market. Dark Pools weaves together the worlds of international banking and high finance; numerous covert intelligence agencies; computer hackers and cyber criminals; political intrigue; and the awesome firepower of a US aircraft carrier task force. If China succeeds in its ambitious scheme, they will utterly devastate the dollar and bring America, and indeed the rest of the world, to its knees. A rebel group within the Politburo are intent on making China the only superpower left standing when Armageddon strikes: can they be stopped in time? Dark Pools is a geo-political, fast-moving, financial thriller, sweeping across London, New York, Hong Kong, Macau and Guangzhou. It will appeal to fans of speculative fiction, particularly those who are interested in contemporary issues such as cyber crime and currency wars.

Should dark pools be prohibited?

Should dark pools be prohibited?

Essay from the year 2017 in the subject Business economics - Banking, Stock Exchanges, Insurance, Accounting, grade: 68%, University of Strathclyde, language: English, abstract: Should dark pools be prohibited? Discuss this statement by exclusively presenting arguments that this is not the case. A dark pool is defined by Banks (2010) as an alternative trading system for the anonymous trade of standardised financial products. Pan (2017) specifies it as mainly an equity trading venue. The trades in a dark pool are, according to Ye (2016), concluded outside of any display order. This differs from lit markets, such as traditional stock exchanges, as the trade, according to Comerton-Forde and Putniņš (2015), is only made public after it has been executed. Dark pools are a highly unregulated market sector and not subjected to the rules and regulations of the European stock exchanges, as Baxter (2017) highlights. Petrescu and Wedow (2017) therefore assumed that the key feature of dark pools is less transparency compared to lit markets, i.e. market participants do not have an overview of the supply and demand of the products. The traders purchase and sell on dark pools without showing their identities or exposing transactions to the public market; therefore, the available liquidity in the dark pool is anonymous, as pointed out by Kratz and Schöneborn (2014). The price of a successful order is calculated, as claimed by Banks (2014), as the midpoint of the bid and offer. Zhu (2014) states that the execution of an order in a dark pool is not guaranteed, unlike the traditional stock exchange.

Global Algorithmic Capital Markets

High Frequency Trading, Dark Pools, and Regulatory Challenges

Global Algorithmic Capital Markets

Global capital markets have undergone fundamental transformations in recent years and, as a result, have become extraordinarily complex and opaque. Trading space is no longer measured in minutes or seconds but in time units beyond human perception: milliseconds, microseconds, and even nanoseconds. Technological advances have thus scaled up imperceptible and previously irrelevant time differences into operationally manageable and enormously profitable business opportunities for those with the proper high-tech trading tools. These tools include the fastest private communication and trading lines, the most powerful computers and sophisticated algorithms capable of speedily analysing incoming news and trading data and determining optimal trading strategies in microseconds, as well as the possession of gigantic collections of historic and real-time market data. Fragmented capital markets are also becoming a rapidly growing reality in Europe and Asia, and are an established feature of U.S. trading. This raises urgent market governance issues that have largely been overlooked. Global Algorithmic Capital Markets seeks to understand how recent market transformations are affecting core public policy objectives such as investor protection and reduction of systemic risk, as well as fairness, efficiency, and transparency. The operation and health of capital markets affect all of us and have profound implications for equality and justice in society. This unique set of chapters by leading scholars, industry insiders, and regulators discusses ways to strengthen market governance for the benefit of society at whole.

Dark Pools, Flash Orders, High-Frequency Trading, and Other Market Structure Issues

Dark Pools, Flash Orders, High-Frequency Trading, and Other Market Structure Issues

Dark pools, flash orders, high-frequency trading, and other market structure issues: hearing before the Subcommittee on Securities, Insurance, and Investment of the Committee on Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs, United States Senate, One Hundred Eleventh Congress, first session ... October 28, 2009.