This book suggests that Magna Carta was not simply the product of the evil rule of King John but the culmination of unease with the Angevin government dating back to the reign of Henry II. It analyzes the reasons for this unease, the expressions of discontent and the ways which the Angevins dealt with them. Fryde also discusses Royal opponents who, early on, looked favorably upon the Capetian court.
Magna Carta is the medieval touchstone charter of western liberties, brought about by contention among the English crown, nobility, church, and towns. Brief biographical sketches buttress thematic essays and key primary documents, including Magna Cartas themselves.
An expanded edition of a classic study of the Magna Carta interprets the events of 1215 and the Charter itself in the context of the law, politics and administration of England and Europe in the twelfth and thirteenth centuries.
'David Carpenter deserves to replace Sir James Holt as the standard authority, and an unfailingly readable one too.' Ferdinand Mount, TLS 'An invaluable new commentary' Jill Leopore, New Yorker With a new commentary by David Carpenter "No free man shall be seized or imprisoned, or stripped of his rights or possessions, or outlawed or exiled, or deprived of his standing in any other way, nor will we proceed with force against him, or send others to do so, except by the lawful judgment of his equals or by the law of the land." Magna Carta, forced on King John in 1215 by rebellion, is one of the most famous documents in world history. It asserts a fundamental principle: that the ruler is subject to the law. Alongside a new text and translation of the Charter, David Carpenter's commentary draws on new discoveries to give an entirely fresh account of Magna Carta's text, origins, survival and enforcement, showing how it quickly gained a central place in English political life. It also uses Magna Carta as a lens through which to view thirteenth-century society, focusing on women and peasants as well as barons and knights. The book is a landmark in Magna Carta studies. 2015 is the 800th anniversary of Magna Carta's creation - an event which will be marked with exhibitions, commemorations and debates in all the countries over whose constitutions and legal assumptions the shadow of Magna Carta hangs.
This new history is the first to tell the story of Magna Carta ‘through the ages’. No other general work traces its continuing importance in England’s political consciousness. Many books have examined the circumstances surrounding King John’s grant of Magna Carta in 1215. Very few trace the Charter’s legacy to subsequent centuries and even fewer look at the fate of the physical document. Turner also underlines its great influence outside the United Kingdom, especially in North America. Today, the Charter enjoys greater prestige in the United States, the land of lawyers, than in Britain. U.S. citizens claim Magna Carta as a source of their liberties, guaranteeing ‘due process of law’ and condemning ‘executive privilege’.
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A classic classroom reference since its 1964 publication, this indispensable volume offers the full text of Magna Carta in English, as well as a chapter-by-chapter discussion of its history and provisions. In his newly revised commentary on this founding document in the history of constitutionally limited governments, A.E. Dick Howard places the charter in context of the extraordinary surge of constitutionalism in the aftermath of the Cold War. Magna Carta: Text and Commentary is a cogent introduction to Magna Carta that students everywhere can readily appreciate.
This remarkable book shines a fierce light on the current state of liberty and shows how longstanding restraints against tyranny—and the rights of habeas corpus, trial by jury, and due process of law, and the prohibition of torture—are being abridged. In providing a sweeping history of Magna Carta, the source of these protections since 1215, this powerful book demonstrates how these ancient rights are repeatedly laid aside when the greed of privatization, the lust for power, and the ambition of empire seize a state. Peter Linebaugh draws on primary sources to construct a wholly original history of the Great Charter and its scarcely-known companion, the Charter of the Forest, which was created at the same time to protect the subsistence rights of the poor.
"On a glorious sunny Saturday in June 2014, we had the pleasure of convening a conference in the Temple, the beating heart of legal London, under the title 'Magna Carta, Religion and the Rule of Law' focusing on the powerful narratives - then and now - of faith and governance. We had in mind a modest gathering, and thus we were delighted that in excess of two hundred people chose to attend"--
On 15 June 1215, rebel barons forced King John to meet them at Runnymede. They did not trust the King, so he was not allowed to leave until his seal was attached to the charter in front of him. This was Magna Carta. It was a revolutionary document. Never before had royal authority been so fundamentally challenged. Nearly 800 years later, two of the charter's sixty-three clauses are still a ringing expression of freedom for mankind: 'To no one will we sell, to no one will we deny or delay right or justice'. And: 'No free man shall be taken or imprisoned or in any way ruined, except by the lawful judgement of his peers or by the law of the land'. 1215 - The Year of Magna Carta explores what it was like to be alive in that momentous year. Political power struggles are interwoven with other issues - fashion, food, education, medicine, religion, sex. In many areas it was a time of innovation and change. Windmills were erected, spectacles were invented. Dozens of new towns were founded. Oxford became the first university in England, and the great cathedrals of Salisbury and Lincoln were built. Whether describing matters of state or domestic life, this is a treasure house of a book, rich in detail and full of enthralling insights into the medieval world.
Can one document really change the world? In June, 1215 King John of England met with a group of nobles in a meadow on the banks of the Thames River. There, John affixed his royal seal to a document designed to bring about peace between the king and a group of rebellious nobles. This attempt failed miserably, and the two parties were soon at war again. Yet the ideas laid out in the document—which would later be called Magna Carta—lived on, and would become the foundation for many of the freedoms people enjoy in modern times. They include the right to a fair trial and the requirement that the punishment fit the crime. The signing of the Magna Carta is truly one of history's most pivotal moments.
Malden, Henry Elliot, Editor. Magna Carta Commemoration Essays. With a Preface by the Rt. Hon. Viscount Bryce. [London]: For the Royal Historical Society, 1917. xxxi, 310 pp. Reprint available November 2004 by The Lawbook Exchange, Ltd. ISBN 1-58477-436-3. Cloth. $80. * This collection of ten essays in honor of the 700th anniversary of Magna Carta was commissioned by the Royal Historical Society in 1915. Its contents include "Clause 39" by Sir Paul Vinogradoff, "Per Iudicum Parium Vel Per Legem Terrae" by F.M. Powicke, "Magna Carta and the Common Law" by Charles Howard McIlwain and "The Influence of Magna Carta on American Constitutional Development" by H.D. Hazeltine.
Hantos, Elemer. The Magna Carta of the English and of the Hungarian Constitution: A Comparative View of the Law and Institutions of the Early Middle Ages. London: Kegan Paul, Trench, Trubner & Co., 1904. xxxi, 209 pp. Reprint available November 2004 by The Lawbook Exchange, Ltd. ISBN 1-58477-466-5. Cloth. $90. * The history and contents of the Magna Carta (1215) and the Bulla Aurea (1222) are remarkably similar, so much so that the latter document is often called the "Magna Carta of Hungary." These similarities are remarkable given the differences between the nobility of England and the Holy Roman Empire. In this fascinating study Hantos traces Hungary's constitutional development during the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries. Turning to the laws and institutions they engendered, Hantos considers examples where developments were similar or divergent. This study will interest students of medieval law, comparative law and constitutional history.
Today Magna Carta is one of the most celebrated documents in English history. But although it has since come to symbolise some of the fundamental principles of democracy and human rights, it was never intended to be a lasting declaration of legal principle. It was a practical attempt to resolve a political crisis. This book explores the roles of the protagonists involved in the creation of Magna Carta in 1215 and describes the political situation in England at the time – the wars with France, the king's exploitation of the feudal system, the barons' financial grievances, abuses in the administration of justice and the king's relationship with the Church. Illustrated throughout, and with a translation of the complete text of Magna Carta, the book explores the context in which Magna Carta came to be issued, in order to understand what it really meant to its creators and to those who have used and revered it since.
Using a combination of original sources and sharp analysis, this book is sheds new light on a crucial period in England’s development. From Norman Conquest to Magna Carta is a wide-ranging history of England from 1066 to 1215 ideal for students and researchers throughout the field of medieval history. Starting with the build-up to the Battle of Hastings and ending with the Magna Carta, Christopher Daniell traces the profound change England underwent over the period, from religion and the life of the court through to arts and architecture. Central discussion topics include: how the Papacy became powerful enough to proclaim Crusades and to challenge kings how new monastic orders revitalized Christianity in England and spread European learning throughout the country how new Norman conquerors built cathedrals, monastries and castles, which changed the English landscape forever how by 1215 the king's administration had become more sophisticated and centralized how the acceptance of the Magna Carta by King John in 1215 would revolutionize the world in centuries to come. This volume will make essential reading for all students and researchers of medieval history.
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This informative booklet sets out to explain to the general reader the background of the Magna Carta documents exhibited in the British Library and to answer the questions about them most commonly asked by visitors.