In 'The Open', contemporary Italian philosopher Giorgio Agamben considers the ways in which the 'human' has been thought of as either a distinct and superior type of animal, or a kind of being that is essentially different from animal altogether.
Highly readable 1872 study by the great naturalist examines how people and animals display fear, anger, and pleasure. Abounding in anecdotes and quotations, it continues to inspire contemporary research. 21 figures, 7 plates.
‘To be man is to know the animals and all the creatures of the earth; it is to recognize our responsibility towards these beings, once of the same order as ourselves, but now obliged to live beside us in an incompleteness that never ceases its appeal to human beings – warning us to make ourselves worthy of the trust invested in us.’ – Hermann Poppelbaum What is the historical and evolutionary relationship between man and animal? In this classic text, based on the anthroposophical science founded by Rudolf Steiner, Poppelbaum, trained in Biology, compares the outer forms of man and animal, revealing their essential differences and contrasting inner experiences. Drawing a bold and clear delineation between the fundamental nature of man and that of the animal, Poppelbaum argues that human beings are not the accidental outcome of animal development, but the hidden source of evolution itself. He goes on to discuss the true relationship of both man and animal to their environment, and develops a critique of contemporary theories regarding human and animal evolution. He argues that, rather than a simple reflex of the nervous system, the human spirit is a microcosmic reflection of the spiritual macrocosm, and our individual consciousness is a crucial seed for future evolution.
Originally published in 1970, this is a survey of findings on the learning of young animals and human infants. In an attempt to discover some of the characteristic features of early learning, it examines all types of learning from conditioning and the primitive process known as ‘imprinting’, usually associated with ducklings, to the beginnings of understanding and language. The so-called ‘critical’ periods for social learning and personality development are considered at some length, and a close look is taken at research methods used in studying early learning, and at the needs and problems of current research. As a textbook for students of psychology, biology and sociology this book would have been invaluable at the time of publication. It should still also be of interest to research workers in the fields of animal behaviour and developmental psychology, and to practising psychologists, psychiatrists and social workers, as it is an up-to-date summary of all the knowledge concerning early learning at the time.
Through ancient artifacts and modern science, this richly illustrated handbook traces the development of four domesticated animals—the horse, dog, cow, and cat—important to the human community as pets, major food producers, and powerful work animals.
Release on 1997 | by National Research Council Canada
Proceedings of the Ninth International Symposium on Trace Elements in Man and Animals
Author: National Research Council Canada
Pubpsher: NRC Research Press
Category: Electronic books
Presents papers from an international meeting of specialists from a variety of disciplines sharing an interest in trace elements. The papers are organized into broad categories covering such topics as trace element interactions in the food supply and nutrition; trace elements and genetic regulation; trace elements in pregnancy and lactation; assessment of trace element status; kinetic modelling; trace elements in the environment and food supply; trace elements, brain function, and behaviour; membrane function and cell signalling; analytical, experimental, and isotopic techniques; ethics of trace element research; defining trace element requirements of infants; trace element intervention studies; trace elements and animal production, free-radical mediated disease, and food and nutrition policy; analytical quality control; infection and immune function; trace element binding proteins; trace elements in growth and metabolism; mechanisms of trace element toxicity; and metabolic and physiological consequences of trace element deficiencies.
Rabies is the deadliest zoonotic disease that threatens humans and animals on all continents except Antarctica. Asia and Africa are worst affected as more than 95 per cent of rabies associated human deaths occur in these regions. India alone bears about 36 per cent of the global human rabies burden. Dogs are the main transmitters of rabies that potentially threaten over 3 billion people in Asia and Africa. Many developed nations have been able to successfully control dog rabies but continue to face the risk from wildlife including bats. Bat rabies is responsible for most human rabies deaths in the United States of America and Canada but has emerged as a public health threat in Australia, Latin America and Western Europe as well. Despite being vaccine preventable, rabies continues to haunt the mankind. Poor resources is a major constraint but the factors like low priority attributed to rabies, misconceptions in the community about the disease and unsystematic approach for its prevention and control are also responsible for the grim situation. Targets have been set for elimination of human and dog rabies in all Latin American countries by 2015 and of human rabies transmitted by dogs in South-East Asia by 2020. However, the myths prevailing among the people together with inadequate knowledge of the health professionals, veterinarians, and the civic body staff about the rabies prevention and control strategies might make the task very difficult. This book comprising eight chapters elaborates the causation of rabies in man and animals, its global epidemiology, risk analysis and effective strategies for the management of exposures. Proven methods of rabies prevention and control have been discussed in length along with the challenges and ways to overcome the constraints through intersectoral coordination. The inclusion of 200 frequently asked questions is a unique feature of the book which may help not only the common people and pet lovers in clearing their doubts about rabies in man and animals also be equally instrumental in updating the knowledge and skills of the public health personnel, veterinarians and other professionals. Apt illustrations and simple language make the contents of the book easily comprehensible and a reading pleasure.